Orenburg is the administrative center of Orenburg Oblast, Russia. It lies on the Ural River, 1,478 kilometers (918 mi) southeast of Moscow, on the boundary of Europe and Asia. Orenburg is also very close to the border with Kazakhstan.

Name origin

Several historians have tried to explain the origins of the city's name. It was traditionally accepted that the word "orenburg" means a fortress on the River Or.


Orenburg has a relatively dry humid continental climate with quite long and hot summers and long and cold winters. April and October are transition months, with the rest of the months being either summer or winter. The average temperature in January is about minus 11.8 degrees Celsius, in July - plus 22.3 degrees Celsius.


Mountain and river tourism are developed in the region. There are a number of fast mountain rivers and rocks in pleated spurs of the southern edge of the Urals range, popular with tourists. The city is known for its location between Europe and Asia. The Ural River marks the border of Asia and Europe, and there is a bridge which connects the two sides. The city is famous for its down Orenburg shawls. The thinnest lacy design, knitted by hand shawls and cobweb-like kerchiefs (pautinkas), is not only warm, but also is used for decorative purposes.


A famous boulevard on the embankment of the Ural River is one of the most notable places in Orenburg. Orenburg TV Tower is a guyed mast of unusual design. It is a 200-meter (660 ft) tall mast equipped with six crossbars running from the mast structure to the guys.

Places of interest in Orenburg oblast

  • Sol-Iletsk - a small town and spa resort located on the border with Kazakhstan,
  • Gai - a mud-bath resort located about 40 km from Orsk,
  • Orenburg downy shawls plant,
  • Urtazymskie rocks in Kvarkensky district, 6.5 km south of the village of Urtazym - a geological, geomorphological and botanical monument of nature,
  • Mount Zmeinaya (Khan Mountain, Khan’s Tomb) in Sol-Iletsk district, 1.5 km to the southeast of the village of Mikhailovka - a geological (paleontological) natural monument,
  • Karagachskaya steppe in Adamovsky district, 12 km south-east of the village of Aydyrlinsky - a landscape and botanical natural monument,
  • Starobelogorskie chalk mountains and Korsch-Urman oak forest in Novosergiyevsky district, south-western outskirts of the village of Staraya Belogorka - a landscape monument of nature,
  • Camel Rock in Svetlinsky district - a geological and geomorphological natural monument,
  • Karagayskiy forest and a gorge on the Guberlya River in Kuvandyksky district, 1.5 km north-west of the village of Karagay-Pokrovka - a geological and geomorphological, landscape monument of nature,
  • Three hundred years pine trees in the national park “Buzuluk coniferous forest” in Buzuluk district, 2 km north of the village of Zapovedniy,
  • Red Stones in Sorochinsky district, 2 km south-east of the village of Pervokrasnoe - a geomorphological natural monument,
  • Mount Verblyuzhka (Dyuyatash) in Belyaevsky district, 3 km west of the village of Donskoye - a landscape, geological and geomorphological natural monument, 329.4 meters,
  • Koskol lakes in Belyaevsky district, 13 km south-west of the village of Burlyksky - a hydrological, landscape and ornithological natural monument, two large karst lakes,
  • Podstepinskaya rock in Gaisky district, 8.5 km west of the village of Guberlya - a geological and geomorphological natural monument, one of the most original rock-sculptures remnant of the Orenburg region,
  • Mount Tasuba (Tas-Tube) in Akbulaksky district, 5 km north-west from the village of Yurievskiy - a geological and geomorphological natural monument.
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