Learning Russian

Russian alphabet

The Russian alphabet is easy to learn! Learning the alphabet is the first step to learning the Russian language. Even if you don’t plan to learn the language, knowing the alphabet is great for travelling because you can read all the street and shop signs. It may seem daunting to learn a new alphabet, but it is relatively easy. In fact, the great thing about Russian is that almost all words sound out as they are written. Unlike English where the pronunciation of a word may not be clear from its written form. Russian also has one letter to one sound, unlike English where two letters often make one sound. The Russian alphabet is also known as the Cyrillic alphabet. There are 33 letters in the Russian alphabet: 11 vowels, 20 consonants, and 2 pronunciation signs. Here is what the Russian alphabet looks like.
А, Б, В, Г, Д, Е, Ё, Ж, З, И, Й, К, Л, М, Н, О, П, Р, С, Т, У, Ф, Х, Ц, Ч, Ш, Щ, Ъ, Ы, Ь, Э, Ю, Я

Now let’s have a look at these letters in detail. For your reference we will make some notes about unusual hand-written forms.

Russian letters that are (almost) the same as English ones
Аа – Pronounced like the “a” in the word “father” or “car”. It is not the ‘flat’ “a” sound you sometimes hear in words like “cat” or “flat”.
Кк – Pronounced like the “k” in “kitten” or “kangaroo”. This letter replaces the english “c” sound in words like “cat”.
Мм – Pronounced like the “m” in man. (Note: Unlike english, the hand-written “м” should always start from the bottom)
O o – When stressed, it is pronounced like the “o” in “bore”. When un-stressed it is pronounced more like the letter “a”. (See later notes.)
Тт – Pronounced like the “t” in “tap”. (Note: The hand-written (and italic) form is “т”. It should always start from the top, as it looks quite similar to the letter “м”)

Russian letters that look like English letters but sound different
(These are the most important to learn so you don’t get them mixed up.)
Вв – Pronounced like the “v” in “vet”. (Equivalent to the english letter “v”).
Ее – Pronounced like the “ye” in “yes”.
Нн – Pronounced like the “n” in “no”. (Equivalent to the english letter “n”).
Рр – Pronounced like the “r” in “run”, but it is rolled. (Equivalent to the english letter “r”).
Сс – Pronounced like the “s” in “see”. (Equivalent to the english letter “s”). (It might help to remember that it’s used like the “s” sound in the english words “centre” and “cent”.)
Уу – Pronounced like the “oo” in “boot” or “root”.
Хх – Pronounced like the “h” in “hello”. However, this is often pronounced more like the “ch” in the Scottish “Loch” or German “Bach”, or the mexican pronunciation of “x” in “Mexico”.

Russian letters that look unusual but have familiar sounds
Бб – Pronounced like the “b” in “bat”. (Equivalent to the english letter “b”).
Гг – Pronounced like the “g” in “go”. (Equivalent to the english letter “g”).
Дд – Pronounced like the “d” in “dog”. (Equivalent to the english letter “d”).
Зз – Pronounced like the “z” in “zoo”. (Equivalent to the english letter “z”).
Ии – Pronounced like the “i” in “taxi”. (Sometimes equivalent to the english letter “i”, the short ‘ee’ sound.). (Note: The hand-written form for “и” looks a little like the english “u”).
Лл – Pronounced like the “l” in “love”. (Equivalent to the english letter “l”).
Пп – Pronounced like the “p” in “pot”. (Equivalent to the english letter “p”).
Фф – Pronounced like the “f” in “fat”. (Equivalent to the english letter “f”).
Ээ – Pronounced like the “e” in “fed”.

New Russian letters and sounds
(The sounds will be familiar, but they don’t have the corresponding equivalent letters in English).
Юю – Pronounced like the “u” in “universe”. (Pronounced much like the english word “you”).
Яя – Pronounced like the “ya” in “yard”.
Ёё – Pronounced like “yo” in “yonder”. (Note: In modern Russian you may find this letter simply written as Ее.)
Жж – Like “s” in “measure”, “pleasure” or “fusion” or like “g” in colour “beige”. (As there is no english symbol for this sound, it is usually represented as “zh”)
Цц – Similar to the “ts” sound in “sits” or “its”.
Чч – Pronounced like the “ch” in “chips” or “church”.
Шш – Pronounced like the “sh” in shut.
Щщ – Pronounced like “sh” but with your tongue on the roof of your mouth. Try putting your tongue in the same position as you would to say “ch” but say “sh” instead. English speakers may find it hard to define the difference between “ш” and “щ”.
Ыы – Pronounced like the “i” in “bit” or “ill”. (Said with your tongue slightly back in your mouth.)
Йй – This letter is used to form diphthongs. So “oй” is like the “oy” sound in “boy” or “aй” is like the “igh” in “sigh”.

Pronunciation symbols
(These letters have no sound of their own, but are still considered to be letters.)
Ъъ – The ‘Hard Sign’ is rarely used. It indicates a slight pause between syllables.
Ьь – The ‘Soft Sign’ makes the previous letter ‘soft’. Think of the “p” sound in the word “pew”. (Try inflecting a very slight “y” sound onto letter before it.)

A note about vowels
You may have noticed that there are often two forms of a vowel, hard and soft. It may help to note the corresponding vowels.
А (“a”) Я (“ya”)
Э (“e”) Е (“ye”)
У (“oo”) Ю (“yoo”)
О (“o”) Ё (“yo”)
Ы and И are corresponding vowels but don’t really follow this pattern. Й is also considered a vowel.
The “y” sound is always pronounced. It may take some time to get used to pronouncing it with consonants. Try the following:
Нет (No) – Pronounced “nyet”. This is one syllable.
Семь (Seven) – Pronounced “syem”.
Пять (Five) – Pronounced “pyat”
Метрo (Metro, underground railway) – Pronounced “mye-tro”.

Russian numbers
The next step in learning Russian is to learn the Russian numbers. Once you learn the Russian numbers you will find it much easier doing things like shopping, or catching a train or tram. You will be able to understand when people give you the price of something.
Russian numbers: from 1 to 10
1 – один (“a-deen”)
2 – два (“dva”)
3 – три (“tree”)
4 – четыре (“chye-tir-ye”)
5 – пять (“pyat”)
6 – шесть (“shest”)
7 – семь (“syem”)
8 – восемь (“vo-syem”)
9 – девять (“dyev-yat”)
10 – десять (“dyes-yat”)

Basic Russian phrases
Now that you understand Russian letters and numbers, we will begin to learn some basic Russian phrases that you will commonly use as part of everyday communication. When you are in Russia it is important to realize that Russians have two manners of speaking, formal and friendly. It would be considered slightly rude to use the wrong form in the wrong situation.

Please and thank you
Спасибо (“spa-see-ba”) – Thank-You
Пожалуйста (“pa-zhaloo-sta”) – Please (and You’re Welcome)

Yes and no
Да (“da”) – Yes
Нет (“nyet”) – No

Saying hello
Здравствуйте (“zdra-stvooy-tye”) – Hello (Formal)
Привет (“pree-vyet”)- Hi (Informal)

Introducing yourself
Меня зовут … (“men-yaza-voot”) – My name is …
Как вас зовут? (“kak vas za-voot”) – What is your name?
Очень приятно (“och-en pree-yat-na”) – Pleased to meet you.

How are you?
Как дела? (kak de-la) – How are things?
Хорошо спасибо (“kha-ra-sho spa-see-ba”) – Good/Well thank-you
Плохо (“plo-ha”) – Bad

Saying good-bye
До свидания (“da-svee-da-nee-ye”) – Good-bye. (The до is pronounced as if it is part of the next word)
Пока (“pa-ka”) – Bye (Informal, slang)

Asking about languages
Вы говорите по-английски? (“Vyi-ga-va-ri-te-po an-gli-ski”) – Do you (formal) speak English?
Вы говорите по-русски? (“Vyi-ga-va-ri-te-po-roo-ski”) – Do you (formal) speak Russian?
Я говорю по-английски (“Ya-ga-va-ryoo-po an-gli-ski”) – I speak English
Я говорю по-русски (“Yaga-va-ryooporoo-ski”) – I speak Russian
Я понимаю (“Ya-po-ni-mayoo) – I understand
Я не понимаю (“Ya-nye-po-ni-mayoo) – I don’t understand

Buying something
Мне надо купить … (Mhy-ena-da koo-pit…) – I need to buy …
Я хочу купить …(Ya-kha-choo-koo-pit…) – I want to buy…

Food and drinks
Я хочу кушать (Yakho-chookoo-sha-t(soft sing)) – I want to eat
Я хочу скушать… (Yakho-chooskoo-sha-t(soft sing)…) – I want to eat…
Пища (Pischa) – Meals
Завтрак (Zavtrak) – breakfast
Обед (Obed) – lunch
Ужин (Oozhin) – dinner
Полдник (Poldnik) – supper
Фрукты (frook-tyi) – Fruit
Яблоко (Yab-la-ka) – apple
Груша (Groo-sha) – pear
Апельсин (Apyel-seen) – orange
Виноград (Vee-na-grad) – grapes
Грейпфрут (Grye-yp-froot) – grapefruit
Киви (Kee-vee) – kiwi fruit
Мандарин (Man-da-reen) – mandarine
Манго (Man-go) – mango
Банан (Ba-nan) – banana
Ананас (Ana-nas) – pineapple
Персик (Pyer-seek) – peach
Абрикос (Abree-kos) – apricot
Слива (Slee-va) – plum
Клубника (Kloob-nee-ka) – strawberry
Малина (Ma-lee-na) – raspberry
Лимон (Lee-mon) – lemon
Ежевика (Ye-zhe-vika) – blackberry
Вишня, Черешня (Vee-shnya, Chye-ryesh-nya) – cherry
Дыня (Dyi-nya) – melon
Арбуз (Ar-booz) – watermelon
Смородина красная (Sma-ro-dee-na-kras-naya) – redcurrant
Смородина чёрная (Sma-ro-dee-na-chyor-naya) – blackcurrant
Крыжовник (Kryi-zhov-neek) – gooseberry
Овощи (Ovo-schee) – Vegtables
Огурец (Ogoo-ryets) – cucumber
Помидор (Po-mee-dor) – tomato
Кабачок (Ka-ba-chok) – vegtablemarrow
Картофель (Kar-to-fel) – potato
Баклажан (Bak-la-zhan) – aubergine, egg-plant
Капуста (Ka-poo-sta) – cabbage
Цветная капуста (Tsvyet-na-ya-ka-poo-sta) – cauliflower
Брокколи (Brok-ko-lee) – broccoli
Патисон (Pa-tee-son) – squash
Тыква (Tyik-va) – pumpkin
Морковь (Mor-kov) – carrot
Лук (Look) – onion
Перец (Pye-ryets) – pepper, capsicum
Фасоль (Fa-sol) – bean
Горох (Go-roh) – pea
Сельдерей (Syel-dye-ryey) – celery
Пюре картофельное (Pyu-re kar-to-fel-noe) – mashedpotatoes
Свекла (Svye-kla) – beetroot, beet
Салат (Sa-lat) – lettuce
Гриб (Greeb) – mushroom
Орехи (Orye-khee) – Nuts
Лесной орех (Lyes-noy-oreh) – hazelnut
Грецкий орех(Gryets-keey-oreh) – walnut
Кешью (Kyeshyu) – cashew
Миндаль (Meen-dal) – almond
Кокосовый орех (Ko-ko-so-vyiy-oreh) – cocoanut
Фисташки (Fee-sta-shkee) – pistachio
Арахис (Ara-khees) – peanut
Мускатный орех (Mooskat-nyiy-oreh) – nutmeg
Мясо (Mya-so) – Meat
Говядина (Go-vya-dee-na) – beef
Баранина (Ba-ra-nee-na) – mutton
Свинина (Svee-nee-na) – pork
Телятина (Tye-lya-tee-na) – veal
Курица (Koo-ree-tsa) – chichen
Ягнятина (Ya-gnya-tee-na) – lamb
Крольчатина (Krol-cha-tee-na) – rabbit
Ветчина (Vyet-chee-na) – ham
Бекон (Bye-kon) – bacon
Мучные изделия (Moo-chnyie-eezdey-lee-ya) – Products from flour
Мука (Moo-ka) – flour
Хлеб (Khlyeb) – bread
Белый хлеб (Bye-lyiy-khlyeb) – white bread
Чёрный хлеб (Chyor-nyiy-khleb) – black bread (dark rye bread)
Булочка (Boo-lo-chka) – cookie, muffin
Кекс (Kyeks) – cake
Торт (Tort) – tart, pie
Пирожок (Pee-ro-zhok) – pie, patty
Блин (bleen) – pancake
Крупа (Kroo-pa) – Grain
овес (ovyos) – oatmeal
гречка (grye-chka) – buckwheat
ячмень (yach-myen) – barley
пшено (pshe-no) – millet
рис (rees) – rice
Разное (Raz-noye) – Miscellaneous
мороженое (mo-ro-zhe-noye) – ice cream
сыр (syir) – cheese
яйцо (yay-tso) – egg
масло (mas-lo) – butter
картофель фри (kar-to-fyel free) – French fries
жевательная резинка (zhe-va-tyel-na-ya rye-zee-nka) – (chewing) gum
варенье (va-rye-nye) – jam
пицца (peets-tsa) – pizza
конфета (kon-fye-ta) – candy
батончик (ba-ton-cheek) – candybar
сосиска (so-see-ska) – hotdog
томатный соус (to-ma-tnyiy so-oos) – ketchup
соус (so-oos) – sauce
колбаса (kol-ba-sa) – sausage
салат (sa-lat) – salad
бутерброд (boo-tyer-brod) – sandwich
суп (soop) –soup
сметана (smye-ta-na) – sourcream
Морепродукты (Mo-rye-pro-dook-tyi) – Seafood
Рыба (Ryi-ba) – fish
Мидия (Mee-deeya) – mussel
Креветка (Krye-vyet-ka) – shrimp
Краб (Krab) – crab
Кальмар (Kal-mar) – squid
Специи (Spye-tsee-ee) – Spices
Соль (Sol) – salt
Сахар (Sa-khar) – sugar
Тимьян (Tee-myan) – thyme
Чёрный перец (Chyor-nyiy-pye-ryets) – pepper
Маслина (Mas-lee-na) – olive
Оливка (Olee-vka) – olive
Гвоздика (Gvoz-dee-ka) – carnation
Каперсы (Ka-pyer-syi) – caper
Эстрагон (Est-ra-gon) – estragon
Тархун (Tar-khoon) – estragon
Шафран (Shaf-ran) – saffron
Ваниль (Va-neel) – vanilla
Имбирь (Eem-beer) – ginger
Кардамон (Kar-da-mon) – cardamom
Розмарин (Roz-ma-reen) – rosemary
Горчица (Gor-chee-tsa) – mustard
Корица (Ko-ree-tsa) – cinnamon
Укроп (Ook-rop) – dill
Петрушка (Pye-troosh-ka) – punch
Базилик (Ba-zee-leek) – basil
Щавель (Scha-vyel) – sorrel
Напитки (Na-peet-kee) – Drinks
Я хочу пить (Ya-kho-choo-peet) – I want to drink
Я хочу выпить… (Ya-kho-choo-vyi-peet) – I want to drink …
Чай (Chya-y) – Tea
Кофе (Ko-fee) – Coffee
Сок (Sok) – Juice
Апельсиновый (Apyel-see-no-vyi-y) – orangejuice
Яблочный (Yab-lo-chnyi-y) – applejuice
Грушевый (Groo-she-vyi-y) – pearjuice
Персиковый (Pyer-see-ko-vyi-y) – peachjuice
Абрикосовый (Abree-ko-so-vyi-y) – apricotjuice
Вишневый (Veesh-nyo-vyi-y) – cherryjuice
Молочный коктейль (Mo-lo-chnyi-y kok-tel) – milkshake
Вода (Va-da) – water
Молоко (Ma-la-ko) – milk
Кефир (Kye-feer) – kefir
Сливки (Sleev-ki) – cream
Лимонад (Lee-ma-nad) – lemonade
Кока-кола (Koka-kola) – coke

Russian clothes
Одежда (Odyezhda) – Clothes
Рубашка (Roo-bash-ka) – shirt
Костюм (Kas-tyoom) – suit
Брюки (Bryoo-kee) – trousers
Носки (Nas-kee) – socks
Свитер (Svee-ter) – sweater
Футболка (Foot-bolka) – t-shirt
Майка (Ma-y-ka) – singlet, tank-top
Кофта (Kof-ta) – blouse
Джинсы (Dzheen-syi) – jeans
Юбка (Yoob-ka) – skirt
Платье (Pla-tye) – dress
Водолазка (Va-da-laz-ka) – poloneck
Жакет (Zha-kyet) – jacket
Жилет (Zhee-lyet) – waistcoat
Пиджак (Peed-zhak) – coat
Шарф (Sharf) – scarf
Куртка (Koort-ka) – jacket
Пальто (Pal-to) – coat
Шуба (Shoo-ba) – fur coat
Шапка (Shap-ka) – cap, hat
Ботинки (Bo-teen-kee) – shoes
Кроссовки (Kra-sov-kee) – sneakers, sport shoes
Спортивный костюм (Spar-teev-nyi-y kas-tyoom) – sport suit
Кеды (Kye-dyi) – gumshoes
Туфли (Toof-lee) – shoes
Босоножки (Ba-sa-nozh-kee) – sandals
Тапочки (Ta-pach-kee) – slippers

Question words in Russian
Что? (Shto) – What?
Как? (Kak) – How?
Сколько? (Skol-ka) – How many?
Кто? (Kto) – Who?
Почему? (Pa-chye-moo) – Why?
Когда? (Kag-da) – When?
Где? (Gdye) – Where? (Used when you are searching for something. “Where is the bank?”)
Куда? (Koo-da) – (to) Where? (indicates motion towards something. “Where are you going?”)
Откуда? (Ot-koo-da) – (from) Where? (indicates motion away from something. “Where are you coming from?”)
Какой? (Ka-ko-y) – Which?
Чей? (Chye-y) – Whose?

Days and months in Russian
Понедельник (Pa-nye-dyel-neek) – Monday
Вторник (Vtor-neek) – Tuesday
Среда (Srye-da) – Wednesday
Четверг (Chyet-vyerg) – Thursday
Пятница (Pyat-neetsa) – Friday
Суббота (Soo-bo-ta) – Saturday
Воскресенье (Vosk-ree-sye-nye) –Sunday

Январь (Yan-var(soft sing)) – January
Февраль (Fyev-ral(soft sing)) – February
Март (Mart) – March
Апрель (Ap-ryel(soft sing)) – April
Май (May) – May
Июнь (Ee-yoo-n(soft sing)) — June
Июль (Ee-yoo-l(soft sing)) — July
Август (Av-goost) – August
Сентябрь (Syen-tyab-r(soft sing)) – September
Октябрь (Ak-tyab-r(soft sing)) – October
Ноябрь (Na-yab-r(soft sing)) – November
Декабрь (Dee-kab-r(soft sing)) – December

Time words
Сегодня (Sye-vo-dnya) – Today
Завтра (Zavtra) – Tomorrow
Вчера (Vchye-ra) – Yesterday
День (Dye-n(soft sing)) – Day
Неделя (Nye-dye-lya) – Week
Месяц (Mye-syats) – Month
Год (God) – Year

Speaking about time
Который час? (Ka-to-ryi-y chas) — What time is it?
Не подскажете, который час? (Nye pod-ska-zhee-tye-ka-to-ryi-y chas) — Will you tell me please what time is it now?
Сейчас … (Sye-y-chas) — It’s … (=It is …)
час (chas) — oneo’clock
два часа (dva chasa) — two o’clock
три часа (tree chasa) — three o’clock
четыре часа (chee-tyi-rye chasa) — four o’clock
пять часов (pyat(soft sing) chasov) — five o’clock
шесть часов (sheest(soft sing) chasov) — six o’clock
семь часов (syem(soft sing) chasov) — seven o’clock
восемь часов (vosyem(soft sing) chasov) — eight o’clock
девять часов (dyevyat(soft sing) chasov) — nine o’clock
десять часов (dye-syat(soft sing) chasov) — ten o’clock
одиннадцать часов (odee-natsa-t(soft sing) chasov) — eleven o’clock
двенадцать часов (dvye-natsa-t(soft sing) chasov) — twelve o’clock
утро (oot-ra) — morning
день (dye-n(soft sing)) — afternoon
полдень (pol-dye-n(soft sing)) — noon
вечер (vye-cher) — evening
ночь (noch) — night
полночь (pol-noch) — midnight
сейчас (se-y-chas) — now

Аптека (ap-tye-ka) — chemist’s (shop)
банк (bank) — bank
библиотека (beeb-lee-o-tye-ka) — library
больница (bol-nee-tsa) — hospital
вход (vkhod) — entrance, way in
выход (vyi-khod) — exit, way out
гастроном (gas-tra-nom) — grocer’s / grocery (shop)
двор (dvor) — yard
делать покупки (dye-la-t(soft sing pa-koop-kee)) — to shop, to go shopping
деньги (dyen-gee) — money
дорога (da-ro-ga) — road
здание (z-da-nee-ye) — building
касса (ka-sa) — checkout, cash-desk; till, cash register
кафе (ka-fe) — cafe
кино (kee-no) — cinema
книжный магазин (kneezh-nyi-y ma-ga-zeen)—bookshop
магазин (ma-ga-zeen) — shop
мелочь (mye-lach) — (small) change
монета (ma-nye-ta) — coin
мост (most) — bridge
музей (moo-zye-y) — museum
на втором этаже (navta-rom eta-zhe) — on the first floor (second storey)
на первом этаже (napyer-vom eta-zhe) — on the ground floor (first storey)
налево (na-lye-vo) — on / to the left
направо (na-pra-vo) — on / to the right
обувной магазин (o-boov-no-y ma-ga-zeen) — shoe shop
офис (ofees) — office
паспорт (pas-part) — passport
памятник (pa-myat-neek) — memorial, monument
парикмахерская (pa-reekh-ma-khyer-skaya) — hairdresser’s, hair salon
парк (park) — park
перекрёсток (pye-ryek-ryos-tak) — crossroads
переход (зебра) (pye-rye-khod (zyeb-ra)) — (pedestrian) crossing (zebra crossing)
пешеход (pye-shee-khod) — pedestrian
площадь (plo-schad) — (town) square
подарок (pa-da-rok) — present, gift
подземный переход (pod-zyem-nyi-y pye-rye-khod) — underpass
послать письмо (pas-lat(soft sing) pees-mo) — to send / post a letter
почта (poch-ta) — post office
почтовый ящик (poch-to-vyi-y ya-scheek) — postbox, pillar box
ресторан (ryes-ta-ran) — restaurant
рынок (ryi-nak) — market
светофор (svye-ta-for) — (set of) traffic lights
скамейка (ska-mye-y-ka) — bench, seat
скидка (skeed-ka) — discount
стадион (sta-dee-on) — stadium
статуя (sta-too-ya) — statue
стоять в очереди (sta-ya-t(soft sing) v o-che-rye-dee)— to queue up (for)
театр (tyeatr) — theatre
торговый центр (tor-go-vyi-y tsentr) — shopping centre
угол (oo-gal) — corner
улица (oo-lee-tsa) — street
универмаг (oo-nee-vyer-mag) — department store
универсам (oo-nee-vyer-sam) — supermarket
университет (oo-nee-vyer-see-tyet) – university
фонтан (fan-tan) — fountain
цена (tse-na) — price, cost
цирк (tseerk) — circus
этаж (etazh) — floor, storey

Дом (dom) — house
общежитие (ob-schye-zhyi-tee-ye) — dormitory
чердак (zhyer-dak) — attic
балкон (bal-kon) — balcony
ванная (van-naya) — bathroom
спальня (spal-nya) — bedroom
подвал (pad-val) — cellar
гардероб (gar-dee-rob) — cloakroom
столовая (sto-lo-vaya) — dining room
гостиная (gos-teen-naya) — sitting room / living room
прихожая (pree-kho-zhaya) — entrance hall
фасад дома (fa-sad do-ma) — front of the house
холл (khol) — hall
кухня (kookh-nya) — kitchen
лестничная площадка (lyes-neech-na-ya-pla-schad-ka) — landing
уборная (oo-bor-naya) — toilet
перила, парапет (pye-ree-la, pa-ra-pyet) — parapet
крыша (k-ryi-sha) — roof
лестница (lyes-nee-tsa) — stairs
кресло (k-ryes-lo) — armchair
кровать (k-ra-va-t(soft sing)) — bed
постельное белье (pos-tyel-noyebyel-yo) — bedclothes
постельные принадлежности (postyel-nyi-ye pree-nad-lyezh-nostee) — bedding
покрывало (pak-ryi-va-lo) — bedspread
одеяло (o-dye-ya-lo) — blanket
пододеяльник (pada-dye-yal-neek) — blanketcover
подушка (pa-doosh-ka) — pillow
наволочка (na-va-lach-ka) — pillowcase
простыня (pras-tyi-nya) — sheet
матрац (mat-ras) — mattress
ковер (ka-vyor) — carpet
стул (stool) — chair
диван (dee-van) — sofa
чашка (chash-ka) — cup
занавески (za-na-vyes-kee) — curtains
письменный стол (pees-mye-nyi-y stol) — desk
вилка (veel-ka) — fork
ложка (lozh-ka) — spoon
тарелка (ta-ryel-ka) — plate
мебель (mye-bye-l(soft sing)) — furniture
мусорное ведро (moo-sar-noyevyed-ro) — garbage can
отопление (a-tap-lye-nee-ye) — heating
ключ (k-lyoo-ch) — key
лифт (leeft) — lift
электрическая лампа (elek-tree-ches-ka-ya lam-pa) — light bulb
духовка (doo-khov-ka) — oven
сковородка / кастрюля (ska-va-rod-ka / kas-tryoo-lya) — pan
холодильник (kha-la-deel-neek) — fridge
шампунь (sham-poo-n(soft sing)) — shampoo
раковина (ra-ka-vee-na) — sink
мыло (myi-lo) — soap
табурет (taboo-ryet-ka) — stool
печка (pyech-ka) — stove
стол (stol) — table
туалетная бумага (too-a-lyet-naya boo-ma-ga) — toilet tissue
полотенце (pa-la-tyen-tse) — towel

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