Higher Education in Russia

Higher Education in Russia

Russian universities offer several types of education. Firstly, there is full-time attendance, when you need to be present at the university classes during the day. Secondly, there is the evening option, when you attend classes in weekday evenings and weekend days. Thirdly, you may choose part-time enrollment, where students listen to introductory lectures and subsequently study at home in accordance with a specially developed curriculum, and then come to the university to pass tests and exams. There are several levels of higher education: You can study for programme that award a Bachelor’s, Specialist, Master’s, or Postgraduate Degree as well as professional training programme or career advancement programme, or you can simply come to study the Russian language.


This is a complete higher education course. Individuals who have completed education equivalent to Russian general secondary or vocational secondary education can enroll in a Bachelor’s Degree course. The course lasts 4 years and gives general fundamental training.

At the end of their Degree, students defend their thesis. If successful, the student is awarded a Bachelor’s Degree certificate (BA, BSc). The certificate grants the student the right to work according to profession or to further their studies on a Master’s Degree course.


Unlike Bachelor’s Degrees, Specialist Degrees are more focused on practical work in industry according to the selected discipline. These programmes are offered to individuals who have education equivalent to Russian general secondary or vocational secondary education. The course lasts for a minimum of 5 years. Based on the examination results and thesis defenсe , a Specialist Degree certificate specifying the qualification (e.g., “Astronomer,” “Teacher,” “Information Security Specialist,” etc.) may be issued. Graduates of a Specialist Degree may work in industry or further their studies on a Master’s or other postgraduate course.


This allows in-depth specialization in the student’s chosen field. Bachelor’s and Specialist Degree holders can enroll in Master’s Degree courses. The course lasts at least two years and involves training students for research work. Students defend a thesis which, if successful, leads to a Master’s Degree certificate and the qualification of Master.

Graduates of Master’s Degrees may work in industry or further their studies on a postgraduate course.


POSTGRADUATE COURSE is a form of training for academics. Graduates of a Master’s or Specialist Degree can enroll in a postgraduate course. The course includes study, teaching, hands-on experience, and research. Postgraduate students select a research field and subject of research for their dissertation. Full-time study lasts at least 3 years, while part-time study lasts at least 4 years. A graduate is awarded a postgraduate certificate with the corresponding qualification (“Research Fellow,” “Research Teaching Fellow”). Depending on the result of the dissertation defence, a Candidate of Sciences Degree is awarded, which is the first Degree to confirm the status of scientist. Candidates of Sciences proceed to their Doctoral Degree (the second Degree to confirm the status of scientist), which is awarded following successful defence of their doctoral dissertation.

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